Preface to focused issue: advanced techniques in complex cervical spine surgery

Lee A. Tan, Ilyas S. Aleem


The cervical spine is the most mobile region of the spinal column and serves an integral role in activities of daily living. With an aging world population, cervical spine pathology is becoming an increasingly important cause for disability and reduced quality of life. In recent decades, advances in surgical techniques and instrumentation, development of new technologies such as stereotactic navigation and robotics, maturing understanding of cervical and global spinal alignment, as well as advancement in other fields of medicine have enabled spine surgeons to safely treat increasingly more complex pathology.

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