Early and staged endoscopic management of common pain generators in the spine

Anthony Yeung, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski


Endoscopic spine surgery has the potential to become the leading minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of common degenerative conditions of the spine. An increasing number of surgeons are recognizing its ability to alleviate patients’ pain effectively, not just by reducing the size of the surgical incision to decrease surgical morbidity, but indeed decrease the measurable parameters of reduced blood loss, peri- and postoperative pain, and complications. Even when compared to the use of larger tubular retractors from traditional translaminar endoscopic decompression and microsurgical dissection techniques, transforming minimally invasiveness into an even less invasive transforaminal approach will allow for a more personalized and earlier interventional spine care model.