Burkholderia cepacia as a cause of pyogenic spondylodiscitis in immunocompetent patients: a single-institution case series and literature review

Maarouf Hammoud, Youssef Fares, Roula Atoui, Baraa Dabboucy


Burkholderia cepacia is an important pathogen of humans in both immunocompromised and hospitalized patients. This uncommon pathogen is established to be the cause of pyogenic spondylodiscitis in only seven cases in the medical literature. Here, we report the cases of four patients who were diagnosed over two years period with Burkholderia cepacia spondylodiscitis and were successfully managed by appropriate antimicrobial treatment after open surgical biopsy was done for debridement and microbiological identification.