Lumbar spinal fusion in the outpatient setting: an update on management, surgical approaches and planning

Bryce A. Basques, Joseph Ferguson, Kyle N. Kunze, Frank M. Phillips


Outpatient lumbar spinal fusion surgery has the potential for improved patient satisfaction, speed of recovery, and economic advantages when compared to inpatient surgery. Despite the rise in the number of these procedures performed annually, the literature on this topic remains scarce. As such, there is a need for a comprehensive review of current concepts in indications and management. The current review will present the most recent literature regarding pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative considerations when performing outpatient lumbar spinal fusion surgery.