Article Abstract

A rare cause of late onset neurological deficit in post tuberculous kyphotic deformity—case report

Authors: Suresh Subramani, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, Rishi M. Kanna, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran

Abstract

Late onset neurological deficit is a rare complication of spinal tuberculosis. Reactivation of the disease and compression by internal gibbus are the common causes for late onset neurological deficit. We report a rare cause of late onset paraplegia in a patient with post tubercular kyphotic deformity. The late onset neurological deficit was due to the adjacent segment degeneration proximal to the kyphotic deformity. Posterior hypertrophied ligamentum flavum and anterior disc osteophyte complex caused the cord compression. The increased stress for prolonged period at the end of the deformity was the reason for the accelerated degeneration. Patient underwent posterior decompression, posterolateral and interbody fusion. Deformity correction was not done. To our best knowledge, this is only the second report of this unusual cause of late onset paraplegia.