Surgery or not? A case of ventriculus terminalis in an adult patient
The ventriculus terminalis (VT) is an intramedullary cavity containing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), usually located at the conus, and represents an unsuccessful regression of a normal embryological phase of the development of the neural tube. Symptoms are not univocal and may vary from aspecific signs to sphincter dysfunctions and focal neurological deficits. The correct management of this condition is still an object of debate due to its rarity and its unpredictable behaviour in adult patients. Two different studies have proposed a distinction for patients with cystic dilatation of VT based on their symptoms, suggesting that only those patients with neurological deficits clearly related to the terminal ventricle could benefit from surgery. We describe a case of an adult patient with a progressive dilatation of a diagnosed VT that we treated surgically. A management flowchart for this condition is also proposed based on our experience and a review of the literature.